|Acute diarrhea defined as three
or more loose or watery stools per day;
mL/kg/d in the infant and young child, and >200 g/d in the
teenager and adult. The increase in water in the stools is due to a
change in the physiology of the small and large intestinal absorption
of ions and other substrates.
Infectious is the most common cause of acute diarrhea, but do not dismiss other noninfectious causes of diarrhea
Characteristics of consistency, color, volume, and frequency: bloody, watery, mucous, large/small volume, increased flatulence, foul-smelling stools
Food history: Ingestion of raw or contaminated food, water exposure, a history of camping, or travel history may indicate a cause for diarrhea.
Abdominal pain: usually nonspecific nontender with cramping, borborygmi, dehydration, failure to thrive, malnutrition, perianal erythema
||Secondary to Medication/Disease
||Secondary to Medication|
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Short Gut Syndrome
| Antibiotic Associated